When employing in Germany, employers will face additional costs on top of gross salary as contracted with their staff. German social security contributions can amount to > EUR 1,400 each month, so an extra 17k annually.
Generally speaking, half of social security contributions are paid by employing companies (on top of gross salary) while the other half is to be paid by employees. Still, the employer is obliged to do all payroll deductions and transfer the amounts to respective insurances and the wage tax authority. In return, German employees are covered under health insurance, nursing care insurance, unemployment insurance and the statutory pension system.
The social security contributions and income thresholds change in some cases at the turn of the year. For details on the contributions and their changes in 2023:
The social contribution assessment ceiling change only slightly:
The contribution rates remain largely unchanged:
Health insurance: 14.6% + additional contribution (~1.6%)
Nursing Care: 3.05% (+ 0.35% from childless)
Pension Insurance: 18.6%
Unemployment insurance: 2.6%
The general contribution rate to health insurance remains unchanged at 14.6%.
The additional contributions vary depending on the health insurance fund. They generally range between 0.2% and 1.9%. The average additional contribution for the year 2023 is according to BAnz AT 31.10.2022 B5.pdf (bundesanzeigera.de) now 1.6% (previously 1.3% in 2022). As in the previous year, the employer pays half of the contribution on a parity basis.
The parity contributions to long-term care insurance will remain unchanged at 3.05% compared to 2022.
The additional contribution to be paid by childless employees over 23 years of age will remain unchanged at 0.35% in 2023.
The special case in the federal state of Saxony also remains: There, the employee continues to pay a higher share of the long-term care insurance contribution (employee 2.025%; employer 1.025) because the holiday “Day of Prayer and Repentance” was retained.
The pension insurance contribution remains unchanged compared to the previous year at 18.6%.
The contribution to unemployment insurance increases to 2.6% (2.4% in 2022).
The amount of the accident insurance contribution is calculated individually for each company by the Berufsgenossenschaften. On average, the accident insurance contribution is 1.3%.
The U1 (compensation for continued payment of wages in case of illness) and U2 (compensation for maternity leave) contributions are set by the health insurance funds and therefore vary in amount. In addition, there are different levels of coverage, with different contribution levels.
The insolvency pay (“Umlage U3”) will fall as of 1.January.2023 according to BunFederal Law Gazette BGBl. online archive 1949 – 2022 | Bundesanzeiger Verlag from 0.09 per cent to 0.06 per cent (after doubling to 0.12 per cent in 2021 from 0.06 per cent in 2020).